The following are the most common symptoms for testicular cancer. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) suggests that a man see a physician if any of the following symptoms lasts two weeks or longer:
- lump in either testicle
- enlargement of a testicle
- feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- dull ache in the lower abdomen or in the groin
- sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum
- pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum
- enlargement or tenderness of the breasts
The symptoms of testicular cancer may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your physician for a diagnosis.
Testicular Self-Examination (TSE) Procedure
- The best time for testicular self-examination is just after a warm bath or shower when the scrotal tissue is more relaxed.
- While standing in front of a mirror, place the thumbs on the front side of the testicle and support it with the index and middle fingers of both hands.
- Gently roll the testicle between the fingers and thumbs. Feel for lumps, hardness, or thickness. Compare the feelings in each testicle.
- If you find a lump, see your physician as soon as possible.
Testicular self-examination is not a substitute for routine physical examinations by your physician.