Beaumont's heart catheterization program is one of the busiest in the country. Our center utilizes the most advanced imaging equipment to diagnose and treat heart and vascular disease. Beaumont cardiologists have pioneered many new and innovative techniques for the treatment of complex coronary artery disease, acute heart attack and vascular problems. Currently, more than 50 percent of heart catheterization procedures are performed from the wrist (radial) approach, which is associated with less discomfort, bleeding and a faster recovery.
What is cardiac catheterization?
- Cardiac catheterization is an invasive procedure that is used to evaluate the coronary arteries, heart valves, and heart muscle.
- The cardiologist uses a long, thin tube called a catheter that is inserted through a blood vessel in your arm or leg. The catheter is threaded through the blood vessel, under X-ray, to the heart. Contrast is injected through the catheter and images are recorded as the contrast moves through the arteries, chambers and valves of the heart.
- Catheterization may determine the need for further treatment such as stent or bypass surgery.
- Certain heart disease treatments can be done during cardiac catheterization such as balloon angioplasty or stenting.
What are the risks?
Cardiac catheterization is a relatively safe procedure and serious complications are rare. Your doctor will discuss specific risks and benefits of a cardiac catheterization with you. Some possible risks include:
- bleeding and/or bruising
- allergic reaction to contrast dye or medications used during procedure
- abnormal heart rhythm
- heart attack or stroke
- kidney failure
What are the benefits of cardiac catheterization?
- diagnose and treat problems that may cause heart attack or stroke
- identify blockages or narrowing that could cause chest pain
- obtain information for the best treatment plan